By 1870, just 5 years after the end of the Civil War, Congressional action had ended slavery and given the vote to black men. That same year saw the first African-Americans elected to the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. The brief years of Reconstruction marked the United States’ most progressive moment prior to the civil rights movement. In TheWars of Reconstruction, author Douglas Egerton also explores state and local politics and the struggles of some fifteen hundred African-American officeholders who fought against white resistance and who were met by ruthless violence, angry mobs, and assassination. A book signing will follow the program.